It’s time to address all the questions posed in the introduction of this article. Corona virus was discovered by a Scottish woman scientist named June Almeida half a century ago. (information acknowledged by Sydney Combs, National Geographic) published in April 18 and April 18, 2020. Visit:- http://willtofly.com/
June Almeida was born Hart and she lived with the family members in a small tenement located in Glasgow, Scotland, where her father was bus driver. She was a brilliant student with the ambition of attending university, but money was very scarce. At the age of 16, she left school and started working as lab technician at the Royal Infirmary in London, in which she employed microscopes to help analyze tissue samples.
After her move, she was offered a similar position with St. Batholomew’s Hospital in London. There she met her husband, Venezuelan Enriques Almeida. The couple immigrated to Canada. Mrs. Almeida was offered a position working with electron microscopes at the Ontario Cancer Institute in Toronto. There she developed new techniques and published numerous papers on the structures of viruses previously not seen.
A new way to see with an electron microscope:
She devised simple, yet innovative methods in the field of virusology. Working with microparticles, it is difficult to tell exactly what to look for. An Electron microscope blasts a stream of electrons and record the particle’s interactions with the surface. Because electrons have significantly shorter wave lengths than light, this shows scientists with images with greater detail, but with less fineness. The problem is deciphering the difference between a tiny, blob that appears to be a virus, a cell, or something else.
To resolve the issue, Almeida realized she could employ antibodies derived from people who had been infected to identify the virus. Antibodies are attracted to their antigen-specific counterparts. So when Almeida introduces tiny particles covered in antibodies, they would form a cluster around the virus, alerting her to its presence. This groundbreaking method was utilized to aid in electron microscopy by physicians who were studying the infection of viruses.
She was able to recognize, a host of other viruses, including rubella, that causes complications during pregnancy, and causes three day measles, Almeida was the first one to recognize and record it. She remembered viruses while looking at bronchitis in chickens and when she was studying liver inflammations due to hepatitis in mice.
Then, while assisting in the work of Dr. David Tyrrell of Salisbury, Wiltshire, Ameida found the clear images of the virus and she was convinced that the viruses were part of a new class of viruses. It had a halo like structure and was named Corona..Today’s Corona virus was born with the identification of Almeida’s 50 years ago.
When she retired after a career in Virology, Almeida remained active and interested. She was a yoga instructor, restored fine china, an avid collector of antiques. As an Emeritus Professor of Bacteriology at the University o Aberdeen, Hugh Pennington acknowledged Almeda as a mentor. “Without doubt she is one of the most outstanding Scittish scientists.of her time.”
The work of Almeida is now sadly forgotten. Ironically this Corona incident has brought light back on her work in the 21st century. Her work is relevant now.